Understanding Perimenopause: Symptoms and Management Tips -Dlight News

Understanding Perimenopause: Symptoms and Management Tips

All women go through perimenopause, but it’s not often discussed in women experiencing symptoms or as a general women’s health issue.

As we recognize Women’s Health Month, Paniz Heidari, DOa gynecologist with Dignity Health Medical Group-Northridgediscusses what women can expect during perimenopause and when to seek support from your healthcare team.

Perimenopause vs Menopause: What’s the Difference?

Most women go through menopause after experiencing it 12 consecutive months without a menstrual cycle. While this is a normal phase in a woman’s life, the pre-menopausal transition, also known as perimenopause, can often raise questions for women with symptoms.

Heidaridr Heidari says the average age of a woman entering menopause is around 52. However, this may vary depending on genetics or previous surgical procedures that may have led to an earlier menopause, such as: B. the removal of the ovaries, vary.

The transition phase of perimenopause can last three to five years, and in some cases up to ten years—meaning that women in their late 30s and early 40s can experience perimenopausal symptoms.

Symptoms can include:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles that are either heavier or lighter than usual
  • mood swings
  • insomnia
  • brain fog
  • hot flashes
  • night sweats
  • painful intercourse and vaginal dryness

dr Heidari recommends women monitor their symptoms and menstrual cycle and discuss these changes with their doctor.

alleviate symptoms

The symptoms associated with perimenopause can be very uncomfortable, but there are treatment options for various symptoms. Depending on the severity of symptoms, hormone replacement therapies may help with hot flashes and brain fog. Mindfulness and behavioral health tactics, including breathing exercises, medication, and journaling, have also been shown to help. dr Heidari recommends discussing mental health issues with a licensed therapist or counselor.

There are certain health risks associated with perimenopause

Estrogen plays a crucial role in bone, heart and brain health in women. When estrogen levels drop during perimenopause, women are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteopenia, and osteoporosis, a condition that leads to weak bones. dr Heidari recommends speaking to a doctor if a patient has a family history of these disorders, as it may impact risk.

The central theses

Perimenopause is a natural part of life, but various treatments and medications can relieve symptoms. As you enter this stage, it’s important to keep the following in mind:

  • Track menstrual cycle symptoms and irregularities
  • Talk to your doctor about the treatment options that are right for you
  • Ask your doctor about the risks of heart and bone disease

Regardless of the symptoms, Dr. Heidari urges women to speak to their doctor if perimenopause is interfering with their daily activities.

If you think you’re going into perimenopause or need help researching treatment options, make an appointment with your GP. Our “Find a doctorThe tool can help you find a Dignity Health Medical Group doctor near you.

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